Christmas is an annual festival, commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ, which is mainly celebrated on 25 December as a religious and cultural celebration among millions of people around the world. A feast central to the Christian inflammatory year, it precedes the Advent or Nativity Fast season and begins the season of Christmastide, which historically lasts twelve days in the West and ends on Twelfth Night; In some traditions, Christomaside includes an Octavestramus Day, a public holiday in many countries of the world, religiously celebrated by the majority of Christians, as well as culturally by many non-Christians, and by the holiday season. Is an integral part. this.
The traditional Christmas legend prevalent in the New Testament, the granddaughter of Jesus, states that Jesus was born in Bethlehem, according to messy prophecies. When Joseph and Mary arrived in the city, there was no place in the inn and so they were given a stable where Christ Child was soon born, the angels announced the news to the shepherds, who then disseminated the information.
Although the month and date of Jesus’ birth are unknown, the church set a date of December 25 in the early fourth century. It corresponds to the date of the solstice on the Roman calendar. Most Christians celebrate 25 December in the Gregorian calendar, which has been almost universally adopted in civilian calendars used in countries around the world. However, some Eastern Christian churches celebrate Christmas on 25 December of the old Julian calendar, which corresponds to a January date in the present-day Gregorian calendar. For Christians, believing that God came into the world as a human to atone for the sins of humanity, rather than knowing the exact date of birth of Jesus, is considered the primary purpose of celebrating Christmas.
The festive customs associated with Christmas in various countries have a mix of pre-Christian, Christian and secular themes and origins. Modern modern customs of the holiday include gifting, completing an Advent calendar or Advent wreath, Christmas music and caroling, lighting. Christingle, a theatrical play, Christmas cards, exchange of church services, a special meal, pulling Christmas firecrackers and showcasing various Christmas decorations including Christmas tree, Christmas lights, Nativity scenes, garlands, wreaths, mistel and holly. In addition, many closely related and often interchangeable figures known as Santa Claus, Father Christmas, St. Nicholas, and Christian are associated with bringing gifts to children during the Christmas season and their own body of traditions and learning. is. Because gifting and many other aspects of the Christmas festival have increased economic activity, the holiday has become an important event and period of sale for retailers and businesses. The economic impact of Christmas has steadily increased in the last few centuries in many regions of the world.
The nativity stories recounted in Matthew and Luke prompted early Christian writers to suggest various dates for the anniversary.Although no date is indicated in the gospels, early Christians connected Jesus to the Sun through the use of such phrases as “Sun of righteousness.”The Romans marked the winter solstice on December 25. The first recorded Christmas celebration was in Rome on 25 December 336 Christmas played a role in the Arian controversy of the fourth century. After this controversy was played out, the prominence of the holiday declined. The feast regained prominence after 800, when Charlemagne was crowned emperor on Christmas Day. Associating it with drunkenness and other misbehavior, the Puritans banned Christmas during the Reformation It was restored as a legal holiday in 1660, but remained disreputable. In the early 19th century, Christmas was reconceived by , and other authors as a holiday emphasizing family, children, kind-heartedness, gift-giving, and Santa Claus
A number of figures are associated with Christmas and the seasonal giving of gifts. Among these are Father Christmas, also known as Santa Claus (derived from the Dutch for Saint Nicholas), Père Noël, and the Weihnachtsmann; Saint Nicholas or Sinterklaas; the Christkind; Kris Kringle; Joulupukki; tomte/nisse; Babbo Natale; Saint Basil; and Ded Moroz. The Scandinavian tomte (also called nisse) is sometimes depicted as a gnome instead of Santa Claus.